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CORVIALE 2018, TAKE CARE OF IT

In the 70s of the 20th century, Mario Fiorentino built a very huge cultural and political building: Corviale. This experimental architecture proposed a new living spaces and a new relationship with the territory. It had positive and negative impacts on the social and cultural component of the place.
The international competition Rigenerare Corviale asks to define a new image of Corviale starting from the common spaces that have been neglected.
Since the beginning of the project, Corviale has been considered as a common good, which goes beyond the state-owned propriety and connects to the social and cultural meanings. The project tried to understand but also discuss the irremovable principles of this abstract architecture trying to contaminate with elements that define urban spaces.
This design experience becomes a pretext to underline the value that some architectures of the 20th century imparted to the contemporary ones, but also the necessity to modify them to ensure the continuity of urban life.

Keywords: Urban regeneration, common good, urban infrastructure, urbanity, architecture and suburbs.


CORVIALE 2018, TAKE CARE OF IT

Marianna Ascolese

DiARC, Dipartimento di Architettura, Università degli Studi di Napoli “Federico II”, Italia

 

The second half of the 20th century is a period of an intense change for Italy that manifests itself in social and cultural behaviors as well as in constructed forms that in different measures and forms propose a rethinking of the architectural culture. Corviale, built in 1972 in the Roman suburbs, identifies a protest and severance architecture, in which it has been experimented a new idea of city space in opposition to the new cities lined to the dormitory towns. Mario Fiorentino designs and builds a huge formal complex that has a clear political, architectural and social impact. The dimension of this new urban system (one continued kilometre building) becomes its strength: a new territorial measure that marks the Roman landscape.

The formal components recall the compositive and morphological structure of other buildings that even before started similar reflections – from Unitè d’Habitation by Le Corbusier, Gallaratese quarter by Aldo Rossi and Carlo Aymonino, until the design research formalized in the Robin Hood Gardens in London by Alison and Peter Smithson. To these components, Corviale has the necessity to define a new urban infrastructure, an articulated system of different uses and services for the man of the time.

For its formal and structural abstraction, Corviale had a remarkable impact on the architectural, landscape and territorial context and it tried to define an architecture as a city.

From its conctruction until today, the structure and the impact of this building have provoked many fervent discussions. It has been considered as ‘machine for living’: Corviale hosts 8500 inhabitants that share, use but mainly inhabit a same space, a shared space.

In 2014, the Territorial Company for Residential Construction of the Municipality of Rome banned an international contest "Rigenerare Corviale", funded by the Lazio Region, which becomes a stimulus to deepen a complex and delicate subject. The approach and the knowledge of this urban piece, full of history and meaning, focused on the sociological component that in the last years described it as a social and housing degeneration, and on the values that give meaning to Corviale considered as an architectural and common good. This goes beyond its state-owned propriety and connects to the social and cultural meanings. 

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Ultimo aggiornamento: 19/10/2018 10:03

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