Animazione Testata



The text shows the reasons that have brought to the research and to the project proposed for my graduation thesis. The in-depth analyses of the actual trends of urban development in the modern global cities have led to recognize the importance to find more sustainable approaches against the depletion of the public open spaces. In the case of Istanbul, due to the acquisition of standardized urban models, the loss of a consistent aspect of the city's identity - represented by its informality - is leading to a strong social exclusion. The recognition of the informal settlements as a structural part of the today city's morphology is the key to design a new urban strategy that will enable an inclusive process of development for the whole community, along with the preservation of its features. The architectural project operates in the direction to establish the essential relations for the permanence of the menaced informality while supporting and improving the citizens life.

Keywords: Istanbul; Halic; Hinge City; Gecekondu; Urban Regeneration.



Luca Marcantonio

University of Naples Federico II, DIARC - Department of Architecture




Istanbul is the closer investigation field about the condition that many cities are experiencing in this century. The sudden and violent import of stereotyped housing patterns, inconsistent with the historical and urban stratification of Istanbul, and the ongoing speculative appropriation of the city by the private sector are leading to a rapid depletion of the public spaces and to an incontrovertible social exclusion. Once set for the variety and the coexistence of actors with different social background, these public places have now become object of a planning which exasperates the differences between citizens till a precise and programmed separation and induced expulsion of the low sectors of the population from the central and vital neighborhoods of the city. Moreover, the standardisation and the commercialization of the public space are depriving the city of the historical values that have permeated these places over the centuries. Whoever approaches to Istanbul today would find a city scrapped by the dizzying rhythms of its urbanization that promotes globalized patterns of consumption and estranges the inhabitants to whom these interventions are not addressed, in what appears to be a contradictory development process.



The rhythm of its constant urban sprawl contributes to put Istanbul among the world’s fast-growing cities. There, the transformations implemented through specific macro-projects, whose main objective is to increase their international appeal and to reject - rather than solve - the critical social conditions owed to the aggravation of the disparities among the different sectors of the population, are leading to brutal expulsions from the city centers of the weaker bands of citizens who have been forced to move in the cities’ outskirts. The socio-economic gap between the urban poor and the new global élites has converted the cityscape into an archipelago of enclave (Korkmaz, Ünlü-Yücesoy, 2009) and this prevents the establishment of the inter-social relationships, which historically have set the basis for a homogeneous development of the whole communities.

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