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ONE ROOF, THREE SCHOOLS

The essay focuses on how the contemporary project is able to be a valid tutelage against the consumption mechanisms nowadays. The Archetypical idea, without any connections to a form or an image, is able to assimilate critical points of the contemporary environment, and then, translate itself in physical architecture. In this case, the idea of a roof, is capable to outline all the architectural issues of the project for three schools in Sassa, Aquila, becoming the original fulcrum of the design process. A simple roof is placed over classrooms and smaller volumes becoming the city for the children and a complete new space where to learn. The simplicity of the project aims to be a valid alternative to contemporary consumption processes and therefore a qualified approach for a new culturally sustainable design process.

Keywords: Archetype, roof, school.

ONE ROOF, THREE SCHOOLS

 

Lorenzo Giordano

DiARC, Dipartimento di Architettura, Università degli Studi di Napoli “Federico II”

 

Contemporary, modern and ancient architecture has always been influenced, unequivocally, by social, political and economical contexts where it used to be shaped. Out of this close connection between physical, social, and economic spheres, it occurs to focus on dynamics regulating and defining the production, particularly of architecture, and generally of the city. There are many examples of how social changes modified, in a strong way, typology, forms and language of architectural production, pandering, sometimes too quickly, improper transformations and accelerations of the sedimented cultural context. The Enhancement typological revolution, the avant-Garde historical cut, the historical critic review, intended as content rather than image, as well as naive spectacularization produced by late twentieth century Star system, represent extremely accelerated different models, products of social, political and economical influence for practical and theoretical occurrences regarding architecture and the city. In this sense, related to the increasingly consumerist and globalized social contemporary condition, as well as to the less democratic and more nationalist politic forms, how architecture can take position and relate in a conscious and impartial way, to those continuously changing dynamics? The identification of archetypical models in architecture could represent a new critical opposition modality for the project in our fragmented and heterogenous contemporary city. The purity and sobriety of the archetype, in terms of typology, morphology and language, could have the competence to be a common cultural memory able to resist and absorb, in a positive way, the almost unstoppable and rapid economical political snd social changes of our collectivity and, never the less, the always more subjected and systemic architectures produced in this context.

In this sense, the capacity of an archetypical concept, or rather the one of perpetuate its original essence over time, resides in its intimate possibility to be expressed in the contemporary, whatever it is. Namely, in the present as well as in those belonging to the past. A state, the contemporary, not just linked to a mere synchronic caducity, but moreover able to constantly separate, thanks to his diachronic component, the always pure archetypical root from the influences, styles and languages of the more diverse historical moments where it has been called to be applied, synthesized or interpreted. The primary principle and necessity of the man, to put a roof above itself represent one of the very first architectonic acts related to the civilization of the human being. It describes a primordial notion, or rather the research for the protection of the man. It tells about an instinctive gesture but, at the same time, rational. It defines a spase, without occupying it, making what is positioned below, effectively different from what is not. The project for the realization of Sassa schools campus, located in l’Aquila district, developed with Rocco Vitali, shapes itself out of a clear idea: the will to locate, below a roof, three school complex, required by the competition, developing, consequently, a fluid and free space, where the act of moving becomes reason of the building. The idea is to propone a learning center, autonomous from the usual margins and limits of common school, developing education programs necessary functions a whole of conglomerates, originating an urban-like space, thanks to which the school generate itself. The building, perceived from the outside like a temple, develops inside a complex game of forms.

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Ultimo aggiornamento: 19/10/2018 09:32

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