Innovation and Technology
The identity consolidation which takes place in giving value to the historic and archaeological heritage, can find a key-point in the technological innovation, if this one is conceived as an instrument at the service of knowledge and of its widespread communication.
This contribution shows a design experimentation for the physical and virtual fruition of a singular proto-historic site: the Early Bronze Age Village in Nola. This discovery, unique of its kind, allowed the reconstruction of the physical and social organization of the Village. The design experimentation has been the occasion to verify the applicability of technologically advanced information tools whose aim is the realization of personalized knowledge paths. The use of the Augmented Reality increases the perception and interaction of the user with the environment which is enriched with visual, graphic and textual information, synchronized and developed in the virtual space, that the user cannot directly observe with its own senses. The perceived effect is that of a virtual space which coexists with the real one, in which the user is free to move, interacting with it. As a support of the system, the project expects the realization of punctual light architectures and organized paths, for a physical fruition compatible with the characters of the archaeological area. The project approach is shaped around the respect of the needs of conservation and defense of the archaeological heritage, but, at the same time, efficient for the widespread knowledge of historic, archaeological and social characters of these “valuable goods”. The support structures have the same generation matrix, modified according to the expected functions; they have been conceived as punctual, light and temporary sustainable architectures, designed according to the main rules of the eco-oriented building.
In this scenery, it is possible to read the signs of a new relationship between technology and archaeological environment.
Keywords: archaeological heritage, technological design, augmented reality
Innovation and Technology: knowledge paths for a contemporary fruition of Archaeological Heritage
1Department of Architecture and Industrial Design, Second University of Naples, Aversa, Italy
2Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici delle Province di Napoli e Caserta, Napoli, Italy
Culture is the fourth pillar of Sustainable Development, according to a model of development, which ensures the enjoyment of free access to information and widespread communication. Therefore, the Culture becomes the bridge toward social inclusion, environmental balance and economic efficiency, prerequisite for peace and wellbeing. In order to respond to the current challenges of humankind, all government should integrate the cultural dimension in their own policies and strategies of territorial management, establishing concrete actions, oriented to promote consciousness, knowledge and communication of cultural values. So, Cultural Heritage can be considered as the cultural level gauge of a community and, in such capacity, the status of preservation and the knowledge level of this heritage is an indicator of sustainability. In order to adapt the development strategies and policies of the cultural heritage to its preservation, improvement and fruition needs, it is necessary that community could participate to both preservation process and knowledge building. Preservation and Knowledge are the foundations of the Sustainable Development cultural dimension, meant as cultural heritage complex and integrated protection action, which has been given a value leaving aside the merely economic definition in order to cross the boundaries of history, culture and tradition, coming to be a part of everyday life.
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